There are two ways in which one can study Law in India-
- After 12th (by opting for 5 years long Integrated Law course after 12th)
- After Graduation (by opting for 3 years long L.L.B. course after Graduation from any Discipline)
After completing Law Education using any one of the above mentioned method, one may enroll with the Bar Council of India and become an Advocate. One may also go for further studies and study advanced courses like- LL.M., M.B.L., M.B.A. etc.
How to pursue Law courses after 12th/Graduation in India?
Law education can be pursued in two forms- right after 12th or after graduation, as I mentioned before. If it is after 12th that you are interested in pursuing Law education, then you must go for Integrated Law course. If it is after Graduation that you want to study law, you may go for L.L.B. course.
1. Studying Law course after 12th Science/Commerce/Arts stream
12th Science, Commerce and Arts stream students, who have cleared their Board examinations from a recognized board, are eligible to apply for Integrated Law course (5 years long program). Do check out that detailed article about this Integrated program to get more idea about course combinations that you may try, depending on your 12th stream.
Some common examples of Integrated Law programs are-
- B.Sc. (different specializations) L.L.B.
- B.Com. L.L.B.
- B.A. L.L.B.
- B.B.A. L.L.B.
- B.Tech. L.L.B.
It is evident from the above courses that Integrated Law program is nothing but the combination of two Degree programs. One of the Degree programs is Law (L.L.B.). The other Degree varies and students may select an appropriate one that suits the stream that they pursued in 12th standard.
2 Studying Law course after Graduation
Another way to pursue Law Education is by selecting L.L.B. Course after graduation. L.L.B. is actually a PG course. Graduates from most branches and disciplines may pursue L.L.B. course. So, basically, after 12th, one has to go for any Graduation course and successfully complete it. After getting graduation Degree, one may go for L.L.B. Degree (3 years long program)!
Instead of going for regular L.L.B. program, Graduates may go for new Integrated programs like-
- M.B.A. L.L.B.
- M.Sc. L.L.B.
- M.Com. L.L.B.
Most of these Integrated programs are relatively new and are offered by few Institutes in India.
After obtaining an L.L.B. Degree or completing the Integrated Law program, Law graduates may even go for specialization by selecting Master’s courses- LL.M./M.B.L./M.B.A. etc.
Entrance examination to watch out for
When it comes to Law Institutes, the regulatory body is Bar Council of India. To get admission in reputed, Bar Council approved institutes, one must appear for CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) examination. This test is conducted to evaluate candidates’ general English skills, legal aptitude, logical skills etc. Those who want to get admission in Integrated Law program or L.L.B. program must prepare for this test and score well in it. Some Private Institutes have their own Entrance examination to gauge the Legal Aptitude and skills of candidates.
Some Institutes also have minimum marks criteria set in case of 12th Board examination/Graduation program. It is generally 50% aggregate marks in main subjects.
Skills required to become a successful Law professional
To succeed in this field, possessing some skills will come handy! Those skills are- good communication skills, analytical, logical and reasoning skills, quick thinking, will to prove one’s point, confidence, investigative skills, good memory etc. Having a positive and pleasant personality will also help, when it comes to this profession.
What after L.L.B./Integrated Law course? How to start Law practice?
After completing L.L.B./Integrated Law course, one may enroll with the Bar Council of India and start practice in India. But it is better to go for specialization. This can be done by pursuing LL.M. Degree or other similar courses such as- M.B.L. (Master of Business Laws) etc.
Graduates may also go for other business oriented courses such as M.B.A., B.M.S., Diploma in Management course etc. Having managerial skills will help Law professionals land lucrative jobs in Corporate sector.
After L.L.B. or LL.M., you need to go through a process before you may start practicing Law in India. First of all, the candidate must possess a Law Degree from a recognized Institute. Also, the candidate in question should pass the enrollment qualifications of the Bar Council of the State where he/she wants to practice.
Career prospects, salary and scope
Job opportunities are available in abundance. After graduation, one may start private practice and start representing clients in the courts and appear for cases (after successful enrollment with Bar Council of India). But it would be better to work under senior Lawyers first, gain experience and then start private practice! Experience matters, when it comes to this field. Experience will come handy while scaling up career ladder.